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The Average Property Taxes by Province in Canada

Written by Jessica Steer
While housing prices in Canada are typically high, the cost varies depending on location. The same goes for the price of property taxes. It can be a bit confusing as well because the place with the lowest housing prices doesn’t always have the lowest property taxes and vice versa.
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    What exactly are property taxes, though? Well, property taxes are the way that local governments gain revenue to pay for things like police stations, fire stations, road maintenance, snow removal and community centres. Really, property taxes are there to provide funding for public services. Even though all property taxes are used for the same purpose, different municipal governments have their own rates.

    Calculating Property Taxes in Canada

    When it comes to calculating property tax rates in Canada, the process is generally the same, but the rates are different. Essentially, the current value of your property is multiplied by the current tax rate to give you the amount you owe in property taxes annually. It’s important to remember that the house prices you pay when you purchase the home aren’t included in the property tax assessment, only the current market value.

    Depending on where you live in Canada, you may have other fees added to your property tax bills. Some of these other fees include the education tax and the city building fund. There may also be water and garbage collection fees included in the property taxes since they’re a public service. That said, some municipalities will make some of these services optional, depending on where you live. 

    The Average Property Tax Rate

    Property taxes in Canada can range anywhere from .5% to 2.5%, depending on the municipality. That said, though, the property taxes for a lot of major cities sit anywhere between .5% and 1.3%. These cities also happen to have some of the highest housing costs in Canada. 

    Property Taxes and Foreigners

    In Canada, there are no extra property taxes that you’re required to pay as a foreigner. That said, there is the Non-Resident Speculation Tax. This tax is required to be paid by foreign buyers at the time of closing when they purchase a home. However, this tax is only required to be paid in Ontario and parts of BC. The rates vary in each province. It's 20% in BC and 25% in Ontario.

    How Often You Pay Property Taxes

    How often you’re required to pay your property taxes depends on what municipality you live in. Most commonly, property taxes are paid once a year. However, many municipalities will allow you to pay them monthly, semi-annually,  or lump them in with your mortgage. 

    Usually, the cost of your property taxes will change yearly depending on the property tax rate fluctuations and the home’s assessed value, which is normally done yearly. It’s different everywhere, though. Some provinces, like Ontario, only reassess their property values every 4 years.

    1% Property Tax in Canada

    The 1% property tax in Canada is also referred to as the Underused Housing Tax. This tax became active in January of 2022 and is an annual federal charge of 1% on all vacant or underused housing. The reason this tax was put into place was to discourage vacancy on property and encourage these owners to rent out their properties since there’s a housing shortage in Canada. 

    Highest Property Taxes in Canada

    The province with the highest property taxes is Winnipeg, Manitoba, with a property tax rate of 2.64%. However, even though the property taxes are higher, the housing prices are significantly lower than in many other cities and provinces. In fact, the average cost of housing in Winnipeg is $350,000, making the average annual property tax just shy of $10,000 per year. 

    Lowest Property Tax Rates in Canada

    In Canada, the province with the lowest property taxes is British Columbia, specifically Vancouver. Their property taxes currently sit at 0.27807%. However, even though their property taxes are low, they have some of the highest homeownership costs in the country. The average priced home in Vancouver is just over $1 million, with the average price of property taxes being just over $3,000.

    Property Taxes Per Province

    Now that we’ve looked at the highest and lowest property taxes in the country, how does the rest of the country fit in? Well, let’s take a look. 

    It’s important to keep in mind that these rates are for residential properties. There are different tax rates for commercial and municipal properties. 

    CitiesProperty Tax RateAverage Home Assessed ValueAverage Property Tax Cost
    Vancouver, BC0.27807%$1,188,000$3,303
    Calgary, Alberta0.65718%$420,507$3,661
    Regina, SK1.556501%$316,100$4,920
    Montreal, QC0.5305%$519,200$2,754
    Winnipeg, MB2.6439%$344,600$9,111
    Fredericton, NB1.62%$280,400$5,061
    Toronto, ON0.666274%$1,196,101$7,969
    St. Johns, NFLD0.83%$312,399$2,997
    Charlottetown, PEI1.67%$339,000$5,661
    Halifax, NS1.154%$400,500$4,622

    As you can see by looking at these numbers above, there’s really no correlation between the property tax rate and the housing value. Rates change based on each province and each local government. 

    In fact, if you look closely, you’ll notice that the Prairies and the Atlantic Coast tend to have higher property tax rates. As you can see, the lowest rate is in BC, but those don’t stop in Vancouver. In fact, Abbotsford, Kelowna and Victoria actually have low property tax rates. They’re actually also some of the lowest in the country. 

    • Abbotsford has a tax rate of 0.37086%
    • Kelowna has a tax rate of 0.39799%
    • Victoria has a tax rate of 0.43621%

    The average home prices for each of these 3 cities all sit between $800,000 and $1 million, making the average property tax amount between $3,000 and $4,000 annually. 

    Predicting Your Annual Property Taxes

    While we’ve gone over the average cost of property taxes in Canada, this still doesn’t narrow down what your individual property taxes will be. The easiest way to determine what your property taxes will be is to take your housing assessment and use the property tax calculator that many municipal governments have available on their website. This will give you a rough idea of how much you’ll owe. 

    While this is just an estimate, it’s close to the actual number and allows you to predict what you’ll owe. Because property tax rates can fluctuate annually, many Canadians will spread out the cost of their property taxes throughout the year to make them more affordable. For some, a large annual bill isn’t always feasible. This is also the reason why some people will lump it in with their mortgage payments. 


    No matter where you choose to live and purchase a home in Canada, it’s important to consider not only the housing prices and cost of living but the property tax rates as well. As you can see, just because the cost of housing is low, it doesn’t mean the property taxes are low. In fact, it seems to be that those who have lower assessed home values actually pay a bit more in property taxes. 

    While property taxes can be quite expensive, they’re actually quite necessary to fund public services. These public services are necessary to keep communities running smoothly. 

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